What is Prolotherpy?

A natural irritant is injected into the soft tissue of a damaged joint during prolotherapy. The irritation triggers the body’s natural healing process.
Prolotherapy is a non-surgical procedure. It’s also known as a regenerative joint injection or non-surgical ligament and tendon reconstruction as a result of this.
Prolotherapy is mostly used by Clinicians to repair broken joints and ligaments. While prolotherapy is most typically utilised in the back, it can also be used in the following locations of the body:

  • knees
  • hips
  • shoulders
  • other joints and ligaments

Prolotherapy may be used to help persons with persistent pain disorders such degenerative disc disease or arthritis.

Despite the fact that prolotherapy has been around since the early 1900s, its overall efficacy is currently being debated. Despite this scepticism, many Clinicians believe it is a safe option or supplement to other treatments for back and joint pain.

How it Works?

A potential irritant, such as a dextrose solution, is used in prolotherapy injections. The irritant is thought to activate the body’s natural healing process.
The body will begin to strengthen and repair damaged ligaments in the joint once activated. The ligaments are strengthened over time, which helps to stabilise the joint. The pain may go away once the joint is better supported.
To be effective, prolotherapy usually requires several shots at the site of the injury or weakened area. The injection must be precise in order for the irritant to reach the ligament repair area or areas.

What to expect?

A doctor will evaluate a person with joint or back pain before administering prolotherapy to see if they are a good candidate for the treatment.

Not everyone is a good candidate for the procedure. People with chronic conditions, for example, may not notice any benefits from prolotherapy, so a doctor may recommend another treatment option.

A doctor will most likely examine X-rays or other imaging results during or before an assessment. Given the location and severity of the injury, the images will aid them in determining whether the procedure is feasible.

Anti-inflammatory medications should be stopped two to three days prior to the procedure if the patient is taking them. If you continue to take anti-inflammatory medications, the procedure may not work.

It is critical that a person eats well on the day of prolotherapy. Clinicians frequently advise patients undergoing prolotherapy to eat a protein-rich meal.

During the procedure, Clinicians use rubbing alcohol or another sterilising solution to prepare the patient’s skin. They may then apply numbing cream to the skin to alleviate any discomfort caused by the injection.

Additional sedation may be used in extreme cases where the person is in a great deal of pain or discomfort.

After preparing the irritant solution, the doctor will inject it into several different points around the target area in the back or joint with a long, thin needle. The number of injections required is determined by the affected area or joint.

Benefits of Prolotherapy

Medical professionals who advocate for prolotherapy believe that by strengthening joints, pain will be reduced. Additionally, increased joint strength will aid in joint stability and improve overall movement and function of the back and joints.
Prolotherapy is an all-natural, long-term treatment that relies on the body’s natural ability to heal itself to relieve pain.
In contrast, pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications only provide temporary relief. Surgical options, on the other hand, do not always work to fully stabilise a joint.

Risks and side effects

There have been few reported side effects from prolotherapy. In rare cases, the most serious side effect is an infection at the injection site. A potential infection will show through fever and pain, and it is usually easy to treat with antibiotics.
Another possible side effect is temporary swelling or pain at the injection site. The affected joint may feel worse right after the procedure before it starts to feel better.
Prolotherapy has not been researched extensively. This could indicate that there are still undiscovered side effects.